EDECMO 25 – ‘Ze ECMO TEAM.’ Manning and Lamhaut: Updates on ECMO, the new 7F REBOA Catheter, and Pre-hospital ECMO in France

In this episode, Zack interviews Jim Manning MD (University of North Carolina) and Dr. Lionel Lamhaut of the famed French SAMU (Service d'Aide Médicale Urgente).

Highlights:

2015 Resuscitation Science Symposium updates:

“ECMO is at the forefront of resuscitation science” – Jim Manning

The New REBOA Catheter: Pryor Medical – just obtained FDA approval for endovascular proximal control of non-compressible hemorrhage below the diaphragm.

At Sharp Memorial Hospital we currently use the 12Fr Chek-Flo sheath, paired with 12F (external diameter) CODA balloon occlusion catheter for non-compressible hemorrhage below the diaphragm.  Pryor Medical has just gained FDA approval to market their REBOA catheter – a 7F version that doesn't seem to require surgical repair of the arteriotomy site.  For those of us doing REBOA, this is a BIG DEAL:

Website Image 10-26-15

Selective Aortic Arch Perfusion Catheter (SAAP) – which is like a REBOA catheter but has a lumen large enough to perfuse blood (or a blood substitute) through.  Manning talks about what's sexy with his device.

 

Lionel Lamhaut from the French SAMU (Service d'Aide Médicale Urgente) gives us an update on their prehospital ECMO program in France:

SAMU Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Medical Cardiac Arrest
  2. Age < 75
  3. No Flow < 5 min (bystander CPR must be started within 5 min)
  4. Hypothermia is always considered
  5. Intoxications (of any kind) are always considered
  6. ETCO2 > 10

For review, check out our original discussion with ‘reanimateur' Dr. Lamhaut about prehospital ECMO: edecmo.org/17

In keeping with all of the in-hospital and out-of-hospital ECPR data accumulating, it appears that Lamhaut's team is also seeing a success rate (survival with CPC 1 or 2) of around 30% (final data pending publication).

 

Consider this: the modified cut-down technique. The French prehospital team, quite obviously, don't have ultrasound access in the field.  So instead of using ultrasound visualization of the femoral vessels, they necessarily use direct visualization.  Listen to this episode to hear the details…

 

 

 

 

Torsades De Pointes with Rob Orman from ERCAST

This month Joe was honored to be a guest on Rob Orman's famed Podcast ERCast. Joe and Rob define Torsades de Pointes, talk about management, and explain why OVERDRIVE pacing isn't a real thing in the Emergency Department.

Check it out:

http://blog.ercast.org/torsades-de-pointes/

The Birth of a Legend: #HollywoodWeingart

The Essentials of Emergency Medicine 2015 was AMAZING, in so many ways.  One thing, in particular, stood out amongst others… The Birth of a LEGEND. Take a look at how a true legend is born:

 

Hollywood Weingart Trailer from Joe Bellezzo on Vimeo.

Haney Mallemat MD, Anand Swaminathan MD, Scott Weingart MD, Zack Shinar MD, Rob Orman MD

The Rat Pack: Another Year of EDECMO (2014/2015) – Video

EDECMO 24 – Weaning VA-ECMO, with Deirdre Murphy

In this episode, Zack and Joe talk with Deirdre Murphy, the Deputy Director of the ICU, director of the cardiothoracic ICU at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. The Alfred has put itself on the map in so many ways over the past decade. Home to Stephen Bernard (of the original Hypothermia after ROSC without RONF fame), Chris Nickson (@precordialthump, @ragepodcast, @intensiveblog, #SMACC, lifeinthefastlane.com), and good friends Jason McClure, Steve McGloughlin, Josh Ihle, Paul Nixon, and Deirdre Murphy, The Alfred is becoming a mecca for advanced resuscitation and ECMO/ECPR.  In this episode we sat down with Dr. Murphy to discuss the nuances of weaning a patient from ECMO.

As ED Docs, Zack and I find ourselves at the heroic end of the resuscitation spectrum when the dying patient goes on pump…but what happens at the other end? What happens in the hours, days, and weeks that follow?  Listen to this episode to find out…

 

Deirdre Murphy MB (Hons), MRCPI, FCARCSI, FCICM, DDU (Crit Care), PGDipEcho

Deirdre Murphy MB (Hons), MRCPI, FCARCSI, FCICM, DDU (Crit Care), PGDipEcho

Deirdre Murphy MB (Hons), MRCPI, FCARCSI, FCICM, DDU (Crit Care), PGDipEcho

Deirdre is Deputy Director ICU, Director of the Cardiothoracic ICU at The Alfred Hospital with particular interests in echocardiography and cardiac intensive care, especially mechanical circulatory supports including Ventricular Assist Devices and ECMO. Deirdre originally trained in Ireland with postgraduate training in general medicine and anaesthesia prior to undertaking intensive care training in Australia in 1999. She has been an Intensivist at The Alfred since 2003. Deirdre has been using echo in clinical practice since 2002 and heads the ICU echocardiography programme at the Alfred. She is convenor of the Alfred Critical Care Echocardiography Course and the Alfred TOE course and teaches on many of the other Alfred courses including the Ultrasound, ECMO and HeART courses.

A paper just published in Intensive Care Medicine followed this algorithm:

(Intensive Care Med (2015) 41:902-905)

How to wean a patient from veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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Some Notes

Signs of improvement

  • Pulsatility indicates the patient is getting better
  • ETCO2 starts to rise
  • Weaning Vasopressors

 

Want More??

Check out Dr. Murphy's talk from smaccGOLD on “ECMO: What could go wrong?”

Also, check out the incredible resources on ECMO on the INTENSIVE blog (the Alfred ICU Education blog)

Update:

Can we use ETCO2 to assess weaning?

snag-0002-2

 

Mechanical Circulatory Support for the Emergency Physician: a talk by Felipe Teran MD

Felipe Teran is a personal friend, a friend of the show, and an Emergency Physician who has dedicated himself to the world of resuscitation…specifically to cardiac arrest and mechanical circulatory support.  In this 30 minute talk, Felipe nicely reviews the role of mechanical circulatory devices in cardiac arrest and cariogenic shock. Take a listen:

Emergency Medicine Grand Rounds lecture given at Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University on July 29th, 2015. This 30-minute lecture is a general overview of the current available strategies of mechanical circulatory support, technical aspects and clinical indications of these therapies with focus on the aspects that are relevant for emergency physicians. Thanks to Scott Weingart, Joe Bellezzo, Zack Shinar and Marc Stone.

Topics mentioned on this lecture include:
– Pathophysiology of cardiogenic shock
– Intra-aortic balloon pump
– Impellas
– Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
– Left Ventricular Assist Devices

Follow on Twitter @FTeranMD for questions, feedback and impressions.

SMACCback Chicago: Ho & Bellezzo

Sophie Connolly and Alice Young from the SMACC Chicago team interviewed Dr. Chris Ho (Chief of Emergency Medicine at Sharp Memorial Hospital) and me (Joe) after our infamous cage match – where we debated the utility of ECPR.  Check out the SMACCback interview on the Intensive Network:

Ho-bellezzo-SMACC-CHICAGO-THE-INTERVIEWS

Or download the interview from iTunes

 

Reanimate 2016: RN spots still available! Bring the whole crew!

RN spots still available…bring your crew and learn the team approach to ECPR and Endovascular Resuscitation…

www.reanimateconference.com

EDECMO 23 – ORNATO LIVES! – How ECMO Saved a Pillar of Resuscitation

Dept of Emergency Medicine_Joseph Ornato_MD

Dept of Emergency Medicine. Joseph Ornato MD

“They RSI'd me…they cannulated me…

Here I am today, two months later…”

Joe Ornato, a pillar in the world of resuscitation, suffered a massive PE and arrested upon arrival to the Virginia Commonwealth University Emergency Department in April 2015.  First: hats off!!! to the Emergency Department, the resuscitation team, the CT surgeons and entire staff at VCU. How it all unfolded is amazing! You MUST listen to this episode to hear the details…

Joseph P. Ornato, MD, FACP, FACC, FACEP

Dr. Joseph P. Ornato is professor and chairman of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center in Richmond, Virginia. He is also medical director of the Richmond Ambulance Authority, the Prehospital Paramedic System serving Richmond, Va. Dr. Ornato is triple board certified (internal medicine, cardiology, emergency medicine) and is an active researcher in the field of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Dr. Ornato is an editor of the journal Resuscitation. He is past Chairman of the American Heart Association's (AHA) National Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee and its Advanced Cardiac Life Support Subcommittee. He chaired the National Steering Committee on the NIH Public Access Defibrillation Trial. He is currently consultant and cardiac co-chairman of the NIH Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) and serves as principal investigator for VCU on the NIH-sponsored Neurological Emergency Treatment Trials (NETT) Network. Dr. Ornato is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

Ornato and EMS team

Dr. Ornato and the prehospital trauma team

joe-ornato-photo-4_10937792

 

We lose the equivalent of one medium sized American city to the problem of sudden, unexpected cardiac arrest each year. The best weapon we have against this killer is early defibrillation. We need to move quickly to saturate the chain of survival, particularly the early defibrillation  component, in every community.”

-Joe Ornato, MD, FACC, FACEP

#EEM15 is just around the corner…

Register HERE…Screen Shot 2015-07-14 at 12.06.04 AM