The Resuscitation Cart

Zack and I have talked a lot about the “Resuscitation Cart”.  Here is our Resuscitation Cart 2.0 which was just overhauled.  This cart has almost everything we use during resuscitations in our ED and gets brought to the bedside for every code or crashing patient.

For non-ECPR cases, the only additional equipment needed are your crash cart, ultrasound machine, RSI equipment, and (optional) your mechanical chest compression device.  EVERYTHING else is on this cart including IV ACCESS, IO, Rescue Airway supplies, etc.

For ECPR cases we use the above items in addition to the ECMO cart (contents checklist previously posted) and the ECMO machine.

Resuscitation Cart

Resuscitation Cart

Drawer 1

Drawer 2

Drawer 3

Drawer 4

Drawer 5

Side Bins

 

 

 

 

The Resuscitation Cart

The Resuscitation CartResuscitation Cart Inventory April 2014

 

***special thanks to Melody Shedlosky RN for assistance with establishing the SMH resuscitation cart.

 

EDECMO Episode 6 – On Life & Death with Peter Rosen

Today I sat down with Dr. Peter Rosen to talk about the topic of life and death.

Peter is a close friend and one my mentors throughout my training and career. I trained under Peter as a resident at UCSD and I whenever Peter is in town I try to meet up with him to talk about anything BUT emergency medicine!  He usually tries to goat me into a tennis match but I’ve been beat up too many times to take the thrashing anymore!

Today I convinced Peter to go on-the-record with me and talk a little bit on the topic of life and death, since the topic is so important to what we are doing with ECPR.  Peter has spent decades watching gadgets, toys, and technology come and go – and carries a very understandable skepticism toward any process that artificially prolongs life.  I’m not sure I convinced him during this session but my career goal will be to show him that ECPR works in the right patient population.

Hearing Peter talk is always fascinating and I hope to have him on regularly on the podcast.

Enjoy the Episode:

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The Sharp Memorial Hospital ECMO Equipment Checklists

Our ECMO cart checklist and femoral artery cutdown checklist were added to the “ECLS EQUIPMENT” section of the edecmo.org website. Check them out!

Episode 5 – Cognitive Task Analysis of Stages I and II of Extracorporeal CPR

Joe and I discuss ECPR cannulae placement from a cognitive task analysis (sort of) perspective. Beware: agonizing detail follows.

I believe this episode may help you even if you never do ECMO, as it is directly applicable to large central line placement as well.

Hot off the press: Chest Compressions are Probably Safe for LVAD patients

Shinar/Bellezzo paper:

Our most recent paper, Chest compressions may be safe in arresting patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), has just been accepted for publication in the journal Resuscitation.  This paper is the largest known review of patients with LVAD’s who arrest.  Our best evidence suggests that it is safe to do chest compressions in LVAD patients. Chest compressions don’t appear to dislodge the VAD. Besides, the patient is going to die anyway!

By the way, the most common cause of arrest in these patients is ACCIDENTAL DISCONNECTION of both battery supplies! So if you get the call from the radio nurse with an LVAD patient that has arrested: 1. start chest compressions…it appears to be safe and 2. find a power supply or spare batteries!

Here is the abstract:

 

Screen Shot 2014-03-06 at 5.19.04 PM

 

Episode 4 – The Tactical Approach to the Cardiac Arrest

In this episode we talk about how we prepare for, and run, our codes.  When we began incorporating ECPR into our resuscitation strategy we found ourselves saving patients who would have otherwise died.  The traditional nihilistic approach to the arresting patient was overturned with ECPR by providing hope that wasn’t previously there. Naturally,  we took a closer look at each element of the code, from the time the patient hit the door to the time we started the pump.  And we realized we were doing a lot of stuff wrong.  Here is how I do it:

1.  Medic gurney entry:    If you’re doing ECPR, then vascular access of the femoral vessels is a top priority. Most of us are right handed and prefer to access the femoral vasculature on the patient’s right.  But that’s EXACTLY where the medic gurney offloads the patient- big mistake. Time is wasted waiting for the medics to move the patient to your hospital gurney, remove monitor leads, pack up the monitor, avoid pulling out IV’s and then leave the room.  Only then could the “line doctor” push the ultrasound machine into the room, disrobe the patient, gown up, place a sterile US probe cover, prep the field and get to work.  That’s precious minutes wasted.  Stop doing that!  Bring the medic gurney in on the other side!  Your “line doctor” is already completely ready to go.

2. Protocolize EVERYTHING:  ACLS provides  a protocolized framework for running a code.  But what about all that stuff that happens from the ambulance bay until care is transferred to you?  And can we improve on the current ACLS algorithm?  Most of us appreciate that protocoling doesn’t restrict us; in fact, quite the opposite.  A protocol allows cognitive offloading of important, yet routine, steps in a process which frees us to focus on tasks specific to that patient.

If you are considering establishing an ED ECMO or ECPR program at your facility, I highly recommend that you take a close look at everything that is done from the time the patient hits your door to the time the ECLS pump is started. We aren’t saying this is the only way to do it, but this is how we do it:

Anticipating the Arrival of an Arresting Patient:

  • Staging the room: not unlike a theatrical play, each person and each piece of equipment has a specific role and a specific position in resuscitation suite.  Do it the same way every single time.Slide1

 

resusc room 2014

Accepting the CPR patient on the “RIGHT Side!”

Some roles that are unique to our resuscitation team:

  • “Line Doctor”: MD responsible for femoral vascular access
  • “Code Doctor”: MD responsible for running the code and decision-making
  • “Code Team Leader”: RN responsible for timing of important events (ie drug delivery, shocking, pulse checks, etc). This RN also does computer-based charting.
  • “Med/Electric Nurse”: RN responsible for pushing drugs and delivering shocks
  • “Resuscitation Cart”: lives just outside the room and has two shelves and house the following:

Resuscitation Cart

  • Quiet the room: as the medics enter the room, quickly remind everyone to limit unnecessary noise.

Patient Arrival:

  • The paramedic gurney (with ongoing CPR) enters the room on the right side of the room (if you are looking from outside to inside the room), not the left (which is how you are likely accepting your patients now.)

Slide2

 

  • After transfer of the patient from the medic gurney to the ED bed, chest compressions are immediately assumed by “Chest compressor #1”.  compressions then move back and forth between the two “Chest compressors” at pulse checks.
  • Since femoral vascular access is a huge focus, I would also recommend that you assign a free hand (RN or tech) to “groin access,” who is standing outside the room with trauma shears in one hand a bottle of betadine in the other.  Once the patient is moved from the medic gurney to the ED Bed, that individual is tasked with stripping the pants off (by cutting or pulling) and drenching the groins in betadine.  It becomes an efficient task for the “line doc” to drop a drape, place the US probe, and gain femoral vascular access.
  • Of course, the need for both of these human chest compressors (and valuable real estate in the resuscitation room) is eliminated if you have a mechanical chest compression device such as the LUCAS2:

LUCAS2

Episode 3 – Who the HELL do we put on ECMO during Arrest?

Who Gets ECPR and Who Doesn’t?

Great question! This may be the hardest question we deal with when a patient arrives and ECPR is a consideration.

This episode is broken down into three parts:

  1. Who exactly do we consider an appropriate candidate for ECPR?
  2. TOR = Termination of Resuscitation in the pre-hospital arena and why we HATE it!
  3. Pre-hospital ECPR – REALLY?

 

Episode 2 – The Three Stages of ECPR

In this episode, Joe and Zack discuss the three stages of ECPR initiation.

For greater detail, videos, and simulations come to the ECPR Page in the tutorial section.

Episode 1 – An Introduction to ECMO Terminology

In this episode, Joe and Zack discuss some of the terminology and basics of ECMO and ECLS.

Terminology: (Synonyms)

  • ECMO = Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • ECLS = Extracorporeal Life Support
  • CPS = Cardiopulmonary Support
  • ECPR (extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation)=ECLS initiation in the arresting patient

ECPR candidates:

  • STEMI with refractory VFIB
  • PE with shock or dysrythmia
  • Aortic Dissection
  • Massive OD
  • Pregnant with Amniotic fluid embolus
  • Hypothermia with temperature-dependent dysrythmia
  • Trauma

Future podcast episodes will drill down into the details of ECMO initiation, but in this episode Zack and Joe discuss Zack’s recent case where Zack did it all: managed the code…placed the cannulas…and initiated bypass, right there in the Emergency Department.