50b Inter-Facility Transport of ECMO patients Part 2 of 2

This is part 2 of Transport of ECMO patients.  Mikael Broman is one of the world's leaders on ECMO transport.  He works at the Karolinska institute in Sweden and ha

s and continues to publish in the arena of ECMO transport.  As you will see, he offers a world of experience and certainly some critical information that we would all benefit from listening to.  I'm a smarter ECMO-tologist as a result of Micke!1234

 

 

 

 

ELSO transport guidelines -https://www. elso.org/Portals/0/Files/ELSO%20GUIDELINES%20 FOR%20ECMO%20TRANSPORT_May2015.pdf

 

1.
Bryner B, Cooley E, Copenhaver W, et al. Two Decades’ Experience With Interfacility Transport on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. T. 2014;98(4):1363-1370. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.06.025
2.
Javidfar J, Brodie D, Takayama H, et al. Safe Transport of Critically Ill Adult Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support to a Regional Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Center. A. 2011;57(5):421-425. doi:10.1097/mat.0b013e3182238b55
3.
Broman LM. Inter-hospital transports on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in different health-care systems. J. 2017;9(9):3425-3429. doi:10.21037/jtd.2017.07.93
4.
Ericsson A, Frenckner B, Broman L. Adverse Events during Inter-Hospital Transports on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017;21(4):448-455. [PubMed]

49 – You Can’t Spell REBOA without the ER – Endovascular Resuscitation of the Trauma Patient – Zaf Qasim

In this episode, Zack Shinar interviews Zaf Qasim about the recent controversies with ACEP and ACS about who can do REBOA.  Zaf is one of the world's experts on REBOA and he's an ER doc!  Zaf works at the University of Pennsylvania, trained in London

as well as Shock Trauma in Baltimore and teaches at Reanimate.  When you come to the essence of this episode, the question is what is the emergency physician's role in the trauma resuscitation?  Both Zaf and Zack agree; we need to be the resuscitationist in the trauma suite.  We need to manage the airway and then quickly take over the arterial and venous access, interpret the transduced pressures, manage the massive transfusion protocol and be ready to insert the REBOA catheter while the trauma surgeon is involved with the left chest, the source of bleeding and where the next destination for this patient will be.

EDECMO 48: When Should I Transport a Cardiac Arrest?

This part two of August 2018.  We are now tackling the difficult question of when to transport cardiac arrests if I have ECMO available?  Brian Grunau is an expert in this question.  Brian has become a giant in the world of ECMO.  His research, leadership and experience have pushed the Canadian ECPR contingency to the forefront.   Brian gives us some insight on what factors I should consider and when should I transport.1

1.
Grunau B, Reynolds J, Scheuermeyer F, et al. Relationship between Time-to-ROSC and Survival in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest ECPR Candidates: When is the Best Time to Consider Transport to Hospital? P. 2016;20(5):615-622. doi:10.3109/10903127.2016.1149652

EDECMO 47: ECMO Donazione: Organ Transplantation with Velia Antonini

Over this last year we have had episodes on organ donation and decision to transport.  This month we are revisiting two topics with two amazing people in two separate episodes.  Here, I interviewed Velia Marta Antonini.   Velia works in Italy where several of the great ECMO donation papers have originated.  She explains why this research is coming from Italy, what the process looks like, and the implications of this for other countries.  Check out her slides below.

 

 

 

Here are Velia's slides on the subject

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EDECMO 46: Wire Assistant

Well, it only took us seven years to figure this one out.  The wire assistant has been the key advancement of 2018 for placement of ECMO cannulas.  In this episode, Zack and Joe talk through this process after an  interview with Alyssa Baldini.  Alyssa was one of our first true wire assistants and has been instrumental in getting cannulas in faster and safer.  We discuss how the wire assistant aids in sterility and getting the artery on the first stick.  Bottom line – train someone at your shop to be an expert wire assistant.

EDECMO 44: Bob Bartlett: Peristaltic Pumps, Hollow Fibers, and the History of ECMO

1

In this episode, Zack Shinar interviews Dr. Bob Bartlett from the University of Michigan.  Dr. Bartlett has revolutionized the world with his leadership and innovation from the very beginnings of ECMO.  Zack and Bob discuss the history of ECMO and the prior use of roller pumps and bubble oxygenators.  They go on to describe the advantages of centrifugal pumps and hollow fiber oxygenators.  Additionally, they talk about PMP (polymethylpentene)-coated membranes inside oxygenators and their improved ability to safely oxygenate blood.  They discuss anticoagulation and how Bob believes that direct thrombin inhibitors are superior.  They wrap it up with a discussion on the future of ECMO and how peristaltic pumps have some significant advantages2.

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3,4

1.
Perchinsky M, Long W, Hill J, Parsons J, Bennett J. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary life support with heparin-bonded circuitry in the resuscitation of massively injured trauma patients. Am J Surg. 1995;169(5):488-491. [PubMed]
2.
Bartlett RH. Esperanza. A. 2017;63(6):832-843. doi:10.1097/mat.0000000000000697
3.
Ali AA, Downey P, Singh G, et al. Rat model of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J. 2014;12(1):37. doi:10.1186/1479-5876-12-37
4.
Spurlock DJ, Raney DN, Fracz EM, Mazur DE, Bartlet RH, Haft JW. In Vitro Testing of a Novel Blood Pump Designed for Temporary Extracorporeal Support. A. February 2012:1. doi:10.1097/mat.0b013e318245d356

EDECMO 43: The Cutdown

The Cutdown Approach to ECMO Cannula Insertion with Alice Hutin, Lionel Lamhaut, and Zack Shinar

In this episode,  Alice Hutin of the Paris SAMU talks about the modified cutdown approach to cannula insertion.  She is an emergency physician who is one of four physicians who cannulates on the pre-hospital ECMO ambulance.  She describes the process of their modified cutdown.  We are holding off on written descriptions and pictures of the procedure pending Alice's publication so you will just have to listen!!!! We'll post the pictures soon!  Until then, here is a youtube segment showing a femoral cutdown -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzu7cU3YoXo

 

Another recent publication by Alice:

Hutin A, Lamhaut L, Lidouren F, Kohlhauer M, Mongardon N, Carli P, Berdeaux A, Ghaleh B, Tissier R. Early Coronary Reperfusion Facilitates Return of Spontaneous Circulation and Improves Cardiovascular Outcomes After Ischemic Cardiac Arrest and Extracorporeal Resuscitation in Pigs. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 Dec 22;5(12). pii: e004588. doi: 1. PubMed PMID: 28007740; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5210433

1.
Hutin A, Lamhaut L, Lidouren F, et al. Early Coronary Reperfusion Facilitates Return of Spontaneous Circulation and Improves Cardiovascular Outcomes After Ischemic Cardiac Arrest and Extracorporeal Resuscitation in Pigs. J. 2016;5(12):e004588. doi:10.1161/jaha.116.004588

EDECMO 42: Organ Transplantation On ECMO

In this episode, we tackle the subject of organ transplantation on ECMO.  2017 featured several articles showing the efficacy of ECMO for organ transplantation.  In Italy, 56% of total potential patients were successfully transplanted.  The success of these transplants have been comparable to patients not on ECMO.  Zack Shinar interviews Lionel Lamhaut, ECMO specialist from Paris, and Cyrus Olsen, ethicist from the University of Scranton, to dive into some of the deeper questions including financial implications, ethical angles, and research extrapolations.  Join Zack, Lionel and Cy at Big Sick 18 (bigsick18.org) in Zermatt Switzerland on February 7-9th,, 2018!!

 

1: Christopher DA, Woodside KJ. Expanding the Donor Pool: Organ Donation After
Brain Death for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Patients. Crit Care Med. 2017
Oct;45(10):1790-1791. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002633. PubMed PMID: 28915178.

2: Bronchard R, Durand L, Legeai C, Cohen J, Guerrini P, Bastien O. Brain-Dead
Donors on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Crit Care Med. 2017
Oct;45(10):1734-1741. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002564. PubMed PMID: 28640022.

3: Casadio MC, Coppo A, Vargiolu A, Villa J, Rota M, Avalli L, Citerio G. Organ
donation in cardiac arrest patients treated with extracorporeal CPR: A single
centre observational study. Resuscitation. 2017 Sep;118:133-139. doi:
10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.06.001. Epub 2017 Jun 12. PubMed PMID: 28596083.

4: Dalle Ave AL, Bernat JL. Donation after brain circulation determination of
death. BMC Med Ethics. 2017 Feb 23;18(1):15. doi: 10.1186/s12910-017-0173-1.
PubMed PMID: 28228145; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5322624.

5: Larsson M, Forsman P, Hedenqvist P, Östlund A, Hultman J, Wikman A, Riddez L,
Frenckner B, Bottai M, Wahlgren CM. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation improves
coagulopathy in an experimental traumatic hemorrhagic model. Eur J Trauma Emerg
Surg. 2017 Oct;43(5):701-709. doi: 10.1007/s00068-016-0730-1. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
PubMed PMID: 27815579; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5629226.

6: Dalle Ave AL, Shaw DM, Gardiner D. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation or uncontrolled donation after the
circulatory determination of death following out-of-hospital refractory cardiac
arrest-An ethical analysis of an unresolved clinical dilemma. Resuscitation. 2016
Nov;108:87-94. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.07.003. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
Review. PubMed PMID: 27449821.

7: Fan X, Chen Z, Nasralla D, Zeng X, Yang J, Ye S, Zhang Y, Peng G, Wang Y, Ye
Q. The organ preservation and enhancement of donation success ratio effect of
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in circulatory unstable brain death donor.
Clin Transplant. 2016 Oct;30(10):1306-1313. doi: 10.1111/ctr.12823. Epub 2016 Sep
5. PubMed PMID: 27460305.

8: Jasseron C, Lebreton G, Cantrelle C, Legeai C, Leprince P, Flecher E,
Sirinelli A, Bastien O, Dorent R. Impact of Heart Transplantation on Survival in
Patients on Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation at Listing in
France. Transplantation. 2016 Sep;100(9):1979-87. doi:
10.1097/TP.0000000000001265. PubMed PMID: 27306536.

9: Migliaccio ML, Zagli G, Cianchi G, Lazzeri C, Bonizzoli M, Cecchi A, Anichini
V, Gensini GF, Peris A. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in brain-death organ
and tissues donors: a single-centre experience. Br J Anaesth. 2013
Oct;111(4):673-4. doi: 10.1093/bja/aet323. PubMed PMID: 24027145.

#REANIMATE4 Tickets Go On-Sale March 2, 2017!

REANIMATE 4, the World's only Endovascular Resuscitation Conference, is happening again on September 21-22, 2017!  Guest Faculty will include Scott Weingart, Zack Shinar, Joe Bellezzo, Chris Ho, Chris Nickson and STEVEN BERNARD (Yes! STEVE Friggin' BERNARD! — 2002 Bernard Hypothermia trials, CHEER, The Alfred).

To REGISTER, go to: www.reanimateconference.com/register

This Conference sells out within weeks of promotion so don't wait.

Want a taste of REANIMATE Goodness:

Reanimate 2 Highlight Video from Joe Bellezzo on Vimeo.